Battle of Gallipoli known also as the Dardanelles campaign

25 April 1915. An allied force of British and French troops, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) landed at this small bay at the western end of the Peninsula north of the Dardanelles. 180,000 Allied and 220,000 Turkish casualties. The campaign was largely successful for the Turks but has become a "founding myth" for both Australia and New Zealand and Anzac Day is commemorated as a holiday.

In fact, both sides seem to remember fondly the battle, as the Turks consider it a great turning point for their (neo-Turkish) nation as well. Black moment for the career of Winston Churchill, then the First Lord of the Admiralty, who had commissioned the plans to invade the Dardanelles. Important boost for Mustafa Kemal, a little-known army commander at that time with courageous and determined personality. The successful battle made him a

hero able to found the modern Turkish state after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. You can find now his statue in every central square, his photo in every office and shop. Known today as Kemal Ataturk (father of Turks).


However, mass tourism nowadays seems to produce a small change in the famous speech of Mustafa Kemal to his soldiers before the battle:
"I do not command you to fight, I command you to ...d/buy"